Contemporary philosophers similar to Schopenhauer?

Nietzsche did not deny that human life was full of suffering. And he even endorsed Schopenhauer’s description of its origins, accepting the theory that with consciousness of time, human beings face an existential landscape with more pain than pleasure, something no science or technology can alter.

Did Nietzsche agree with Schopenhauer?

Nietzsche did not deny that human life was full of suffering. And he even endorsed Schopenhauer’s description of its origins, accepting the theory that with consciousness of time, human beings face an existential landscape with more pain than pleasure, something no science or technology can alter.

What is the difference between Schopenhauer and Nietzsche?

Schopenhauer considers suffering as inextricably bound up with human existence, whereas Nietzsche views suffering as a sign of weakness that is ultimately eliminable from human existence.

What kind of philosopher was Schopenhauer?

Arthur Schopenhauer, (born February 22, 1788, Danzig, Prussia [now Gdańsk, Poland]—died September 21, 1860, Frankfurt am Main [Germany]), German philosopher, often called the “philosopher of pessimism,” who was primarily important as the exponent of a metaphysical doctrine of the will in immediate reaction against …

When did Nietzsche break with Schopenhauer?

In 1876 he startled Cosima Wagner, the composer’s wife, with a letter stating that he had rejected Schopenhauer’s teachings. In particular, Nietzsche broke with the very aspect of Schopenhauer’s philosophy which was so inspirational to the Wagners – the emphasis upon compassion.

Why is suffering positive Schopenhauer?

He writes that “misfortune in general is the rule” by which we live our lives. 1 He defines suffering as the positive force instead of as the negative. Suffering or evil is not the absence of good, but a positive force in its own right. Schopenhauer states that human pain and suffering outweigh pleasure and joy.

How did Kant influence Schopenhauer?

Since the principle of sufficient reason is – given Schopenhauer’s inspiration from Kant – the epistemological form of the human mind, the spatio-temporal world is the world of our own reflection. To that extent, Schopenhauer says that life is like a dream.

Who is the darkest philosopher?

The philosopher with one of the darkest views of existence that ever lived, Philipp Mainländer was born in Germany to well-off parents and even worked in banking for a period of time. Although initially inspired by Schopenhauer’s philosophy, he would end up vastly surpassing the former’s pessimism.

Does Schopenhauer believe in God?

In Berkeley’s idealism God holds the world together, enabling us to avoid chaos and experience a shared, orderly reality. But Schopenhauer is an idealist and an atheist.

Why was Schopenhauer so pessimistic?

Schopenhauer’s Pessimism

Schopenhauer’s pessimistic vision follows from his account of the inner nature of the world as aimless blind striving. Because the will has no goal or purpose, the will’s satisfaction is impossible.

Is Nietzsche a nihilist?

Summary. Nietzsche is a self-professed nihilist, although, if we are to believe him, it took him until 1887 to admit it (he makes the admission in a Nachlass note from that year). No philosopher’s nihilism is more radical than Nietzsche’s and only Kierkegaard’s and Sartre’s are as radical.

What is Nietzsche’s main philosophy?

Nietzsche’s moral philosophy is primarily critical in orientation: he attacks morality both for its commitment to untenable descriptive (metaphysical and empirical) claims about human agency, as well as for the deleterious impact of its distinctive norms and values on the flourishing of the highest types of human …

What is the philosophy of Immanuel Kant?

His moral philosophy is a philosophy of freedom. Without human freedom, thought Kant, moral appraisal and moral responsibility would be impossible. Kant believes that if a person could not act otherwise, then his or her act can have no moral worth.

What is Jean Paul Sartre philosophy?

A leading figure in 20th-century French philosophy, he was an exponent of a philosophy of existence known as existentialism. His most notable works included Nausea (1938), Being and Nothingness (1943), and Existentialism and Humanism (1946).

What is Soren Kierkegaard known for?

In addition to being dubbed “the father of existentialism,” Kierkegaard is best known as a trenchant critic of Hegel and Hegelianism and for his invention or elaboration of a host of philosophical, psychological, literary and theological categories, including: anxiety, despair, melancholy, repetition, inwardness, irony …

Did Nietzsche read Kierkegaard?

Nor did Nietzsche read Kierkegaard. By the end of Nietzsche’s life, it is true, Kierkegaard was becoming known in Germany. In 1879 Georg Brandes published in German his Literary Character-Sketch on Kierkegaard.

Is Kierkegaard a nihilist?

Søren Kierkegaard (1813–1855): The nineteenth century Danish theologian Søren Kierkegaard—who many academics regard among the first existentialist philosophers—wrote about nihilism, calling it “leveling.” Kierkegaard felt that leveling was not a positive thing, because the problem of nihilism was that it meant …

Does Kierkegaard believe in God?

Kierkegaard believed that Christianity was not a doctrine to be taught, but rather a life to be lived. He considered that many Christians who were relying totally on external proofs of God were missing out a true Christian experience, which is precisely the relationship one individual can have with God.

What is the paradox for Kierkegaard?

Our selection is from Chapter 3 of Philosophical Fragments, “The Absolute Paradox.” Kierkegaard holds that paradox is “the passion of thought.” We want to discover something we cannot think, even though this will be the downfall of thinking. That which we cannot think is the unknown, and the unknown is God (“the god”).

Was Kierkegaard really existentialist?

For his emphasis on individual existence—particularly religious existence—as a constant process of becoming and for his invocation of the associated concepts of authenticity, commitment, responsibility, anxiety, and dread, Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered the father of existentialism.

What is the absurd Kierkegaard?

“The absurd” is Kierkegaard’s synonym for the religious level of existence, described in detail in Fear and Trembling, his analysis of Abraham’s sacrifice of Isaac. There, the word refers to the incompatibility of rationality with religious belief.

Who is Camus philosophy?

His belief was that the absurd—life being void of meaning, or man’s inability to know that meaning if it were to exist—was something that man should embrace. His anti-Christianity, his commitment to individual moral freedom and responsibility are only a few of the similarities with other existential writers.

Is Camus an absurdist?

The term “absurdism” is most closely associated with the philosophy of Albert Camus. But important precursors and discussions of the absurd are also found in the works of Søren Kierkegaard. Absurdism is intimately related to various other concepts and theories.