Computing Premises from Consequence?

How to determine logical consequence?

A sentence is said to be a logical consequence of a set of sentences, for a given language, if and only if, using only logic (i.e., without regard to any personal interpretations of the sentences) the sentence must be true if every sentence in the set is true.

What is the meaning of logical consequence?

noun. the relation that obtains between the conclusion and the premises of a formally valid argument.

What is the meaning of consequence in philosophy?

Logical consequence is arguably the central concept of logic. The primary aim of logic is to tell us what follows logically from what. In order to simplify matters we take the logical consequence relation to hold for sentences rather than for abstract propositions, facts, state of affairs, etc.

What are premises philosophy?

Premises in Philosophy

“A premise is a proposition one offers in support of a conclusion. That is, one offers a premise as evidence for the truth of the conclusion, as justification for or a reason to believe the conclusion.”

Which theory is considered to deal with consequences?

Consequentialism is an ethical theory that judges whether or not something is right by what its consequences are.

Is utilitarianism the same as consequentialism?

To summarize with a concise definition: Utilitarianism is a consequentialist moral theory. Utilitarianism’s desired outcome the greatest amount of good possible. Utilitarianism as a sub-category of consequentialism means the theory has many of the same benefits and drawbacks.

What are the 4 ethical theories?

Four broad categories of ethical theory include deontology, utilitarianism, rights, and virtues.

How does rule consequentialism differ from act consequentialism?

For an act-consequentialist, an action is morally wrong if it results in less good than some possible and available alternative. Rule-consequentialists reject this position in favor of one according to which an action’s moral wrongness is determined by a rule justified in terms of its consequences.

What is the difference between consequentialism and deontology?

Consequentialism and Deontological theories are two of the main theories in ethics. However, consequentialism focuses on judging the moral worth of the results of the actions and deontological ethics focuses on judging the actions themselves. Consequentialism focuses on the consequences or results of an action.

What do most consequentialists believe about rule consequentialism?

Rule consequentialism is the view that? An action is morally right just because it is required by an optimific social rule. Most consequentialists believe that rule consequentialism? Amounts to irrational rule worship.

Which is the best version of consequentialism?

Plain Consequentialism

Perhaps the most standard precise version of consequentialism is Plain Consequentialism. Plain Consequentialism: Of all the things a person might do at any given moment, the morally right action is the one with the best overall consequences.

What is consequentialism in simple terms?

Definition of consequentialism

: the theory that the value and especially the moral value of an act should be judged by the value of its consequences.

Which type of ethics is sometimes referred to as consequentialism?

Teleological. A type of ethics sometimes referred to as consequentialist ethics that judges an action based on its consequences.