Can there be an infinite chain of causes/effects?

4. A chain of causes cannot be infinite. to take away the cause is to take away the effect. Therefore, if there be no first cause among efficient causes, there will be no ultimate, nor any intermediate, cause.

What is infinite causal chain?

(4.1) Any infinite cause/effect chain would have no first member (no “first cause”). [by definition] (4.2) If a causal chain has no first member, then it will have no later members. [since to take away the cause is to take away the effect] (4.3) But there exists a causal chain with later members.

Is an infinite regress of causes possible?

The mere existence of an infinite regress by itself is not a proof for anything. So in addition to connecting the theory to a recursive principle paired with a triggering condition, the argument has to show in which way the resulting regress is vicious.

Is infinite regress a fallacy?

The fallacy of Infinite Regress occurs when this habit lulls us into accepting an explanation that turns out to be itterative, that is, the mechanism involved depends upon itself for its own explanation.

What is infinite regress in the cosmological argument?

An infinite regress is an infinite series of entities governed by a recursive principle that determines how each entity in the series depends on or is produced by its predecessor. An infinite regress argument is an argument against a theory based on the fact that this theory leads to an infinite regress.

Is time finite or infinite?

As a universe, a vast collection of animate and inanimate objects, time is infinite. Even if there was a beginning, and there might be a big bang end, it won’t really be an end. The energy left behind will become something else; the end will be a beginning.

Is infinity a contradiction?

The paradoxes of infinity are not exclusive to lines and circles. It’s not just that “an infinite circle” is a contradiction. It’s that “an infinite X” is a contradiction, regardless of what X is. There is an underlying logical reason why actually-infinite things cannot exist.

Can the past be infinite?

Each year is separated from any other by a finite number of years (remember that there’s no first year). There never was a time when the past became infinite because no set can become infinite by adding any finite number of members. So, if the past is infinite, then it has always been infinite.

What causes infinite regression?

You are talking about an infinite regress of causes. Every cause must be proceeded by another cause ad infinitum. In philosophy, an infinite regress is an indication of absurdity. The necessity for a prime cause (uncaused by a prior cause) to combat this absurdity is an argument for the existence of god.

Is infinite regress a contradiction?

1.1 Regress and Contradiction. One such kind of case is when the very same principles of a theory that generate the regress also lead to a contradiction. If this is so then it does not matter what we think about infinite regress in general, we will of course have reason to reject the theory, because it is contradictory

Did Einstein think the universe was infinite?

In contrast to this model, Albert Einstein proposed a temporally infinite but spatially finite model as his preferred cosmology during 1917, in his paper Cosmological Considerations in the General Theory of Relativity.

Does the past still exist?

In short, space-time would contain the entire history of reality, with each past, present or future event occupying a clearly determined place in it, from the very beginning and for ever. The past would therefore still exist, just as the future already exists, but somewhere other than where we are now present.

Can the universe be infinite?

If the universe is perfectly geometrically flat, then it can be infinite. If it’s curved, like Earth’s surface, then it has finite volume. Current observations and measurements of the curvature of the universe indicate that it is almost perfectly flat.

Is infinity a paradox?

The paradox arises from one of the most mind-bending concepts in math: infinity. Infinity feels like a number, yet it doesn’t behave like one. You can add or subtract any finite number to infinity and the result is still the same infinity you started with. But that doesn’t mean all infinities are created equal.

Do infinities exist in nature?

In practice, the supposed existence of actual infinity in nature is questionable. It seems that because we have a symbol (∞) to represent infinity, many physicists believe its appearance in a theory is no big deal: it is part of the natural order. But this is not the case.

Could there be infinite limits in real life?

Although the concept of infinity has a mathematical basis, we have yet to perform an experiment that yields an infinite result. Even in maths, the idea that something could have no limit is paradoxical. For example, there is no largest counting number nor is there a biggest odd or even number.

Is infinity actually infinite?

Aristotle’s potential–actual distinction
Actual infinity is completed and definite, and consists of infinitely many elements. Potential infinity is never complete: elements can be always added, but never infinitely many.

Who invented infinity?

mathematician John Wallis

infinity, the concept of something that is unlimited, endless, without bound. The common symbol for infinity, ∞, was invented by the English mathematician John Wallis in 1655.

Is there an infinite amount of anything?

This means that there is always a limit on the largest value that can be scientifically measured. So the conclusion is: science (that is, physics) cannot establish existence of infinite quantities. There is nothing physically infinite.

Is Omega bigger than infinity?

ABSOLUTE INFINITY !!! This is the smallest ordinal number after “omega”. Informally we can think of this as infinity plus one.

Is Pi bigger than infinity?

Pi is finite, whereas its expression is infinite. Pi has a finite value between 3 and 4, precisely, more than 3.1, then 3.15 and so on. Hence, pi is a real number, but since it is irrational, its decimal representation is endless, so we call it infinite.