What does reductive mean in philosophy?
‘Reduction’ is a term of natural language, and, building upon its common metaphoric meaning philosophers use it to designate relations of particular philosophical importance in a number of closely related fields, especially in the philosophy of science, the philosophy of mind, and metaphysics.
What is the reductive theory?
Reductionists are those who take one theory or phenomenon to be reducible to some other theory or phenomenon. For example, a reductionist regarding mathematics might take any given mathematical theory to be reducible to logic or set theory.
What is reductionism in consciousness?
Reductionism, generally, is the idea that complex phenomena can be explained in terms of the arrangement and functioning of simpler, better understood parts. Key to strong reductionism, then, is the idea that consciousness can be broken down and explained in terms of simpler things.
What is meant by scientific research is reductive?
Scientific reductionism is the idea of reducing complex interactions and entities to the sum of their constituent parts, in order to make them easier to study.
What does it mean for something to be reductive?
(rɪdʌktɪv ) adjective [usu ADJ n] If you describe something such as a theory or a work of art as reductive, you disapprove of it because it reduces complex things to simple elements. [formal, disapproval]
What is reductive analysis?
employing an analysis of a complex subject into a simplified, less detailed form; of, pertaining to, or employing reductionism; reductionistic.
What is reductionist reasoning?
Reductionism is the belief that human behavior can be explained by breaking it down into smaller component parts.
What are the three types of reductionism?
Reduction (reductionism) encompasses several, related philosophical themes. At least three types can be distinguished: ontological, methodological, and epistemic (Sarkar 1992; cf. Nagel 1998).
What’s wrong with reductionism?
In doing so, ideological reductionism manifests a cascade of errors in method and logic: reification, arbitrary agglomeration, improper quantification, confusion of statistical artefact with biological reality, spurious localization and misplaced causality.
What is another word for reductive?
reductionist, simplistic, narrow, short-sighted.
What is the opposite of reductive?
waxing. Adjective. ▲ (chemistry, metallurgy, biology) Opposite of that reduces a substance etc. to a more simple or basic form.
What is reductive language?
adjective. Britannica Dictionary definition of REDUCTIVE. formal + often disapproving. : dealing with or describing something complicated in a simple or too simple way.
How has reductionism influenced our understanding of mental health?
Reductionists use the theory’s basic framework to break down possible explanations for all types of psychological phenomena, such as personality or mental health conditions. Some angles of reductionist theory applied to psychology might investigate factors such as: physiological. behavioral.
What is the difference between reduction and holistic approach?
Reductionism and holism are two different approaches in psychology that researchers use to create experiments and draw conclusions. Reductionism likes to divide explanations of behaviour into separate components, whilst holism likes to look at the picture as a whole.
What is the reductionist paradigm?
Reductionism: A Typically Western Approach. In science, the application of the reductionist paradigm consists of splitting reality into separate entities and studying their functioning .
What is reductionism in sociology?
Sociological reductionism can be defined as the arbi- trary reduction of all social phenomena to the level of structure. It assigns ontologi- cal preference to structure and maintains, by definition, that any nonstructural phe- nomenon is not social.
Is the humanistic approach reductionist?
Humanistic, or third force psychologists, feel that holism is the only valid approach to the complete understanding of mind and behavior. They reject reductionism in all its forms. Their starting point is the self (our sense of personal identity) which they consider as a functioning whole.
What is holistic and reductionist view of life?
In psychology, holism is an approach to understanding the human mind and behavior that focuses on looking at things as a whole. It is often contrasted with reductionism, which instead tries to break things down into their smallest parts.