Can “Gettier problems” be solved by changing Justified, True Belief without introducing a fourth condition?

Can the Gettier problem be solved?

Solutions to the Gettier problem can take two forms. First, they can attempt to show that Gettier-type examples fail as counterexamples, and that JTB therefore emerges unscathed. The literature is replete with this kind of counter-counterexample, and such arguments are usually met with counter-counter-counterexamples.

Is there a way out of gettier cases?

In the opinion of epistemologists who embrace the Infallibility Proposal, we can eliminate Gettier cases as challenges to our understanding of knowledge, simply by refusing to allow that one’s having fallible justification for a belief that p could ever adequately satisfy JTB’s justification condition.

Does Reliabilism solve Gettier cases?

As mentioned briefly in §1, Goldman’s process reliabilism is not designed to handle some forms of epistemic luck, such as Gettier cases.

What is the Gettier problem and how does it challenge Plato’s definition of knowledge?

The Gettier problem, in the field of epistemology, is a landmark philosophical problem concerning the understanding of descriptive knowledge. Attributed to American philosopher Edmund Gettier, Gettier-type counterexamples (called “Gettier-cases”) challenge the long-held justified true belief (JTB) account of knowledge.

What is the best response to Gettier?

A Proposed Solution
The widespread response to the Gettier Problem (as it has come to be known) has been to admit that justification, truth, and belief are individually necessary but jointly insufficient for knowledge and to propose some fourth condition on knowledge.
Apr 10, 2014

What do you mean by the problem of fourth condition of knowledge?

The problem of the fourth condition (also widely and appropriately known as the Gettier problem) can then be stated as follows: What must be added to justified true belief to make a minimally sufficient condition for knowledge? Of course, we want a minimally sufficient condition that is non-trivial, informative.

What is the gettier problem for dummies?

A Gettier problem is any example that demonstrates that an individual can satisfy the classical analysis of knowledge – justified true belief – without possessing knowledge.

What is Gettier argument?

Gettier argues that if an agent is justified in believing (g), even though (g) is actually false, then that agent is justified in deducing (h) from (g) and therefore believing that (h). Under such circumstances, (h) is false, because it depends upon (g), which is false.
Jul 8, 2016

Does knowledge equal justified true belief yes or no why why not?

True belief is not sufficient for knowledge; since a belief can be true by accident or lucky guesswork, and knowledge cannot be a matter of luck or accident. 2. So knowledge requires justification—i.e., having sufficient reasons for one’s beliefs.

Why gettier cases are misleading?

Gettier cases are cases of reference failure because the candidates for knowledge in these cases contain ambiguous designators. If this is correct, then we may simply be mistaking semantic facts for epistemic facts when we consider Gettier cases.

Is knowledge justified true belief essay Gettier?

In Edmund Gettier’s essay, “Is Justified True Belief Knowledge,” Gettier argues that JTB (Plato’s theory of Justified True Belief) does not necessarily guarantee knowledge. This means that the necessary but not the sufficient conditions for “S knows P” to be true have been met.

What is the Gettier problem examples?

Here’s another Gettier case: You have a justified belief that someone in your office owns a Ford. And as it happens it’s true that someone in your office owns a Ford. However, your evidence for your belief all concerns Nogot, who as it turns out owns no Ford.
Sep 8, 2009

Can there be knowledge without truth?

However, we can say that truth is a condition of knowledge; that is, if a belief is not true, it cannot constitute knowledge. Accordingly, if there is no such thing as truth, then there can be no knowledge.

What makes justification an important condition for knowledge?

Some epistemologists argue that justification is crucial for avoiding error and increasing our store of knowledge. Others argue that knowledge is more complicated than attaining true beliefs in the right way and that part of the value of knowledge is that it makes the knower better off.