What does Frege mean by sense and reference?
The reference (or “referent”; Bedeutung) of a proper name is the object it means or indicates (bedeuten), whereas its sense (Sinn) is what the name expresses. The reference of a sentence is its truth value, whereas its sense is the thought that it expresses. Frege justified the distinction in a number of ways.
Does sense determine reference?
3.1 The relation between sense and reference
Sense determines reference: any two expressions with the same sense/meaning will also have the same reference.
What is sense theory in semantics?
The reference of a word is the relation between the linguistic expression and the entity in the real world to which it refers. In contrast to reference, sense is defined as its relations to other expressions in the language system. Thus, there are words that have a sense, but no referents in the real world.
Why the notion of sense is important?
It is part of a general theory of meaning that postulates an intermediate level of sense between linguistic terms and the entities the terms stand for. Senses give significance to expressions, which in and of themselves are just noises or marks on a surface, and connect them to the world.
What has a sense but no referent?
–a word may have sense, but no referent. and even the word “the” all have sense, but no reference. — a word may have a referent, but no sense.
What is a thought for Frege?
Frege on Thoughts and Representations. To fix the terms, for Frege the term ‘thought’ [Gedanke] is reserved for a sense of a declarative sentence that has as its referent a truth value (Frege, 1918, p. 292). This is to say that ‘thoughts’ (and only ‘thoughts’, thus defined) are what partake of truth and falsity.
What is references in semantics?
In semantics, reference is generally construed as the relationships between nouns or pronouns and objects that are named by them. Hence, the word “John” refers to the person John. The word “it” refers to some previously specified object. The object referred to is called the referent of the word.
What is sense in semantics with examples?
Sense refers to how we see an object or the amount of information given about an object. The classic example cited showing the distinction is the planet Venus. As a planet it has reference arbitrarily given the name Venus.
Can same expressions have the different referent?
Conversely, the same noun phrase can have different referents. For instance, my apartment, used either by the same person at different points in time or by different persons at the same point in time, can refer to lodgings of vastly different size and attractiveness in completely different locations.
What is the difference between reference and referent?
Reference is a relationship in which a symbol or sign (a word, for example) signifies something; the referent is the thing signified. The referent may be an actual person or object, or may be something more abstract, such as a set of actions.
Can different expressions have the same referent give an example not found in this unit?
Can different expressions have the same referent? Give an example not found in this unit. –Yes, for example: “The morning star & the evening star (planet venus)” and “MohamedNagib & the 1st president.”
What does sense mean in linguistics?
In linguistics, a word sense is one of the meanings of a word. For example, a dictionary may have over 50 different senses of the word “play”, each of these having a different meaning based on the context of the word’s usage in a sentence, as follows: We went to see the play Romeo and Juliet at the theater.
How do words make sense?
Why the words we use matter
Our values and intentions. The words we use to describe what we see and we don’t see. What we believe to be true and what we are unaware of. Transmitting meaning in this way shapes other people’s experiences — while also shaping the cultural norms and paradigms we belong to.
What words dont make sense?
17 English Words And Phrases That Will Never Make Any Dang Sense
- The word “colonel” is pronounced like the word “kernel.” …
- “Through,” “thorough,” and “trough” should all sound the same if they insist on being spelled with -ough. …
- The word “Wednesday” is spelled the way that it is and it really shouldn’t be.
Why do you think some sense have more words than others?
We all perceive words in different ways. How we feel about different words, whether we like the sound of some of them more than others, will depend mostly on what experiences in our life we attach to them and how people in our community use those words.
Why do words stop making sense?
Semantic satiation is a psychological phenomenon in which repetition causes a word or phrase to temporarily lose meaning for the listener, who then perceives the speech as repeated meaningless sounds.
What’s it called when you say a word so much it loses meaning?
For the uninformed, semantic satiation occurs when the uninterrupted repetition of a word eventually leads to the sense that the word has lost its meaning.
What does making sense mean?
to be easy to understand
Definition of make sense
1 : to have a clear meaning : to be easy to understand We read the recommendations and thought they made (perfect) sense. The instructions don’t make any sense (at all). The instructions make no sense (at all). You’re not making much sense (to me).
What is it called when you repeat yourself?
Palilalia (from the Greek πάλιν (pálin) meaning “again” and λαλιά (laliá) meaning “speech” or “to talk”), a complex tic, is a language disorder characterized by the involuntary repetition of syllables, words, or phrases.
What causes palilalia?
Basal ganglia involvement has been suggested as the cause of some cases of palilalia. Palilalia can be seen in untreated schizophrenic patients, in paramedian thalamic damage, in the later stages of degenerative brain diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease,28,29 and during electrical stimulation of left hemisphere sites.
What is the difference between echolalia and palilalia?
Both echolalia and palilalia involve involuntarily repeating words and phrases. The difference is in palilalia, the person repeats words they just said (often under their breath), and in echolalia, the words are an echo of what someone else said.