Books on metaphysics, especially ontology?

What is metaphysical ontology?

ontology, the philosophical study of being in general, or of what applies neutrally to everything that is real. It was called “first philosophy” by Aristotle in Book IV of his Metaphysics.

Is metaphysics the same as ontology?

So in short, ontology is a sub-field of metaphysics. Ontology is the study of being, and is a little more specific and narrow than metaphysics in general which is the study of the general nature of reality, and this includes other questions more broad and fundamental than those of ontology alone.

What book should I read for metaphysics?

1. Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction, by Stephen Mumford. Published in 2012, British philosopher Stephen Mumford’s Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction is a fantastic place to start for anyone with a budding interest in metaphysics.

Is ontology a branch of metaphysics?

Ontology – a central branch of metaphysics. Ontology is the study of the nature of being, becoming, existence, or reality, as well as the basic categories of being and how they relate to each other. In simpler terms, ontology investigates what there is.

Who is the father of metaphysics?


Parmenides is the father of metaphysics. Parmenides is a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher whose work survives today in fragments.

Who is the father of ontology?

The term is generally credited to the great Ionian mathematician, scientist, and religious mystic Pythagoras who lived circa 570 BCE. Parmenides, circa 500 BCE, is given credit for the first discussions on the ontological categorization of existence (though the dates are not entirely agreed upon).

How do I start studying metaphysics?

Start by understanding the basic concepts of physics, math, logic, and philosophy. It seems difficult but introductory level books and Internet research can help. These fields are all crucial to your learning about metaphysics in general. Understand the philosophy of mathematics.

What is the subject of ontology?

Ontology is the branch of philosophy that studies concepts such as existence, being, becoming, and reality. It includes the questions of how entities are grouped into basic categories and which of these entities exist on the most fundamental level.

What are examples of metaphysics?

Metaphysical Topics and Examples

  • What is existence and reality?
  • What is the nature of space and time?
  • What are the differences between empirical and conceptual objects?
  • How was the universe created?
  • Is human behavior subject to freewill or determined by causes beyond our control?
  • What does it mean to exist?

What is Plato’s metaphysical theory?

First published Wed May 12, 2004; substantive revision Wed Mar 9, 2016. Platonism is the view that there exist such things as abstract objects — where an abstract object is an object that does not exist in space or time and which is therefore entirely non-physical and non-mental.

What is Heraclitus theory?

Heraclitus asserted that the world exists as a coherent system in which a change in one direction is ultimately balanced by a corresponding change in another.

Did Aristotle create metaphysics?

The first major work in the history of philosophy to bear the title “Metaphysics” was the treatise by Aristotle that we have come to know by that name.

How many books are in Aristotle’s metaphysics?

fourteen books

Aristotle’s Metaphysics is divided into fourteen books, which are usually named after the first thirteen letters of the Greek alphabet. The books, in order, are Alpha, Alpha the Lesser, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilon, Zeta, Eta, Theta, Iota, Kappa, Lambda, Mu, and Nu.

What is the difference between metaphysics and epistemology?

Epistemology looks at how we know what the actual reality or truth is and are there are limits to this knowledge specially in terms of its validity, scope and methods, while metaphysics aims to get a thorough understanding about the nature of reality including abstract concepts (identity, time, space, being, knowing) …

What is the difference between Plato and Aristotle metaphysics?

In brief, the main difference between Plato and Aristotle philosophy is that the philosophy of Plato is more theoretical and abstract in nature whereas the philosophy of Aristotle is more practical and experimental in nature.

What are the seven branches of philosophy?

There are 7 branches of Philosophy, namely, Metaphysics, Axiology, Logic, Aesthetics, Epistemology, Ethics and Political Philosophy.
The Philosophy of History is mainly studied in terms of four main branches:

  • Metaphysics.
  • Hermeneutics.
  • Epistemology.
  • Ethics.

Who taught Socrates?

Along with Diotima, Aspasia was one of the two women philosophers whom Plato recognised as a teacher of Socrates. Her biography is subject to debate, but she is still famous for her knowledge of rhetoric and her skill in debate.

Did Aristotle know Socrates?

Aristotle was familiar with the various written and unwritten stories of Socrates. His role in understanding Socrates is limited. He does not write extensively on Socrates; and, when he does, he is mainly preoccupied with the early dialogues of Plato.

Does Socrates believe in God?

Socrates also believes in deity, but his conception is completely different from the typical Athenians. While to the Athenians gods are human-like and confused, Socrates believes god to be perfectly good and perfectly wise. His god is rationally moral. His god also has a purpose.

Who were the 3 main philosophers?

Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle: The Big Three of Greek Philosophy – dummies.

How did Aristotle disagree with Plato?

Plato believed that concepts had a universal form, an ideal form, which leads to his idealistic philosophy. Aristotle believed that universal forms were not necessarily attached to each object or concept, and that each instance of an object or a concept had to be analyzed on its own.

How Plato was killed?

399 BCE – Socrates, condemned to death for corrupting the young, drank hemlock amongst his friends as described in Plato’s Phaedo. 348 BCE – Plato either died while being serenaded by a Thracian flute-playing girl, at a wedding feast, or in his sleep.

Who was Plato taught by?


Plato was a philosopher during the 5th century BCE. He was a student of Socrates and later taught Aristotle.