What is the best book to read about Socrates?
The best books on Socrates
- Apology. by Plato.
- The Clouds. by Aristophanes.
- Theaetetus. by Plato.
- Socrates: Ironist and Moral Philosopher. by Gregory Vlastos.
- The Art of Living. by Alexander Nehamas.
Where do I start to learn about ethics?
Ethics and MoralityThe Best 9 Books to Read
- Ethics: The Fundamentals, by Julia Driver. …
- Being Good: A Short Introduction to Ethics, by Simon Blackburn. …
- Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues, by Steven Cahn & Peter Markie. …
- The Nicomachean Ethics, by Aristotle.
What Socrates said about ethics?
Socrates, who once observed that “the unexamined life is not worth living,” must be regarded as one of the greatest teachers of ethics. Yet, unlike other figures of comparable importance, such as the Buddha or Confucius, he did not tell his audience how they should live.
How can I study Socrates?
The Socratic method uses questions to examine the values, principles, and beliefs of students. Through questioning, the participants strive first to identify and then to defend their moral intuitions about the world which undergird their ways of life.
What book did Plato write about Socrates?
Three of Plato’s four writings concerning the last days of Socrates come from the earliest “Socratic” period: Euthyphro, the Apology, and the Crito.
Who taught Socrates?
Along with Diotima, Aspasia was one of the two women philosophers whom Plato recognised as a teacher of Socrates. Her biography is subject to debate, but she is still famous for her knowledge of rhetoric and her skill in debate.
Can ethics be taught Socrates?
Socrates’ position was clear: Ethics consists of knowing what we ought to do, and such knowledge can be taught. Most psychologists today would agree with Socrates.
Does Socrates believe in God?
Socrates also believes in deity, but his conception is completely different from the typical Athenians. While to the Athenians gods are human-like and confused, Socrates believes god to be perfectly good and perfectly wise. His god is rationally moral. His god also has a purpose.
Why is Socrates the father of ethics?
Socrates believed philosophy should achieve actual practical results for the well-being of society. He seeked to create an ethical system that would not be based on religious doctrine but instead on human reason.
What is Plato’s most famous book called?
Plato’s most famous work is the Republic, which details a wise society run by a philosopher. He is also famous for his dialogues (early, middle, and late), which showcase his metaphysical theory of forms—something else he is well known for.
Which is a one of Plato’s famous book?
The Republic by Plato. The Republic is a Socratic dialogue by Plato, written c. 380 B.C.E.. It is one of the most influential works of philosophy and political theory, and Plato’s best known work.
What is Plato’s Republic Book 2 about?
This tale proves that people are only just because they are afraid of punishment for injustice. No one is just because justice is desirable in itself. Glaucon ends his speech with an attempt to demonstrate that not only do people prefer to be unjust rather than just, but that it is rational for them to do so.
Who is Socrates philosophy?
Who was Socrates? Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher, one of the three greatest figures of the ancient period of Western philosophy (the others were Plato and Aristotle), who lived in Athens in the 5th century BCE.
What are the three types of good by Plato?
ABSTRACT In the Republic Plato draws a distinction among goods between (1) those that are good in themselves but not good for their consequences, (2) those that are good both in themselves and for their consequences, and (3) those that are not good in themselves but are good for their consequences.
What is the main point of Plato’s Republic?
One of Plato’s objectives in The Republic was to show that justice is worthwhile—that just action is a good in itself, and that one ought to engage in just activity even when it doesn’t seem to confer immediate advantage.
What are the 3 classes in Plato’s Republic?
Plato divides his just society into three classes: the producers, the auxiliaries, and the guardians.
What were Socrates ideas?
Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. Socrates pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness.
What is Plato’s real name?
It was claimed that Plato’s real name was Aristocles, and that ‘Plato’ was a nickname (roughly ‘the broad’) derived either from the width of his shoulders, the results of training for wrestling, or from the breadth of his style, or from the size of his forehead.
What is Socrates full name?
Socrates (/ˈsɒkrətiːz/; Greek: Σωκράτης; c. 470–399 BC) was a Greek philosopher from Athens who is credited as the founder of Western philosophy and among the first moral philosophers of the ethical tradition of thought.
|Era||Ancient Greek philosophy|
|School||Classical Greek philosophy|
Who is the father of philosophy?
Socrates of Athens
Socrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the “Father of Western Philosophy” for this reason.
Who came first Plato or Socrates?
All three of these men lived in Athens for most of their lives, and they knew each other. Socrates came first, and Plato was his student, around 400 BC.
Who were the 3 main philosophers?
Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle: The Big Three of Greek Philosophy.
Who are the 3 most important Greek philosophers?
The Socratic philosophers in ancient Greece were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. These are some of the most well-known of all Greek philosophers. Socrates (470/469–399 B.C.E.) is remembered for his teaching methods and for asking thought-provoking questions.