Authors that compare nationalism to religion?

How does religion relate to nationalism?

Often with instrumental pious nationalism, religion is a useful resource to national leaders. Since religion is a powerful source of identity and one that can unify a group and create loyalty to the national movement, national leaders try to draw on religion to create a cohesive public body.

Is nationalism and religion the same?

Whereas with religion full allegiance is demonstrated through the willingness of the faithful to live and die for the teachings of their god; with nationalism, allegiance is shown through the willingness of citizens to live and die for the artificial imageries and symbols defining their imagined communities.

What does nationalism mean in religion?

Religious nationalism is the relationship of nationalism to a particular religious belief, dogma, or affiliation. This relationship can be broken down into two aspects: the politicisation of religion and the influence of religion on politics.

Is nationalism considered a religion?

In pre-modern societies, these needs were filled by religion. In modern, secular societies, the void left by religion is filled by nationalism. According to this reasoning, in this sense, nationalism is a kind of religion, or is perhaps itself a religion.

What are the 3 types of nationalism?


  • 2.1 Language nationalism.
  • 2.2 Religious nationalism.
  • 2.3 Post-colonial nationalism.

Is nationalism a secular religion?

Among systems that have been characterized as secular religions are capitalism, nationalism, internationalism, Nazism, fascism, feminism, communism, Maoism, Juche, progressivism, futurism, transhumanism, Religion of Humanity, Jacobinism, and the Cult of Reason and Cult of the Supreme Being that developed after the …

What is Christianity according to the Bible?

The central tenet of Christianity is the belief in Jesus as the Son of God and the Messiah (Christ). Christians believe that Jesus, as the Messiah, was anointed by God as savior of humanity and hold that Jesus’ coming was the fulfillment of messianic prophecies of the Old Testament.

What is religious ideology?

A religious ideology can be defined as a set of ideas that refer to religious and secular tools and accompany political actions and processes in a sustained and systematic way.

When was the term nationalism first used?

The Prussian scholar Johann Gottfried Herder (1744–1803) originated the term in 1772 in his “Treatise on the Origin of Language” stressing the role of a common language.

What is nationalism according to scholars?

The term “nationalism” is generally used to describe two phenomena: the attitude that the members of a nation have when they care about their national identity, and. the actions that the members of a nation take when seeking to achieve (or sustain) self-determination.

Who started nationalism?

The first full manifestation of modern nationalism occurred in 17th-century England, in the Puritan revolution. England had become the leading nation in scientific spirit, in commercial enterprise, and in political thought and activity.

What are the 5 elements of nationalism?

Terms in this set (5)

  • Culture. Shared beliefs and a way of life create a common bond.
  • History. A shared past connects people as a group.
  • Religion. A common religion helps unite people.
  • language. A common language is a key element of nationalism.
  • Territory. A shared land gives people a sense of unity.

What is a good synonym of nationalism?

synonyms for nationalism

  • fanaticism.
  • jingoism.
  • narrowness.
  • zealotry.
  • bellicism.
  • ethnocentricity.
  • fanatical patriotism.

How does culture define nationalism?

The term “cultural nationalism” refers to movements of group allegiance based on a shared heritage as in language, history, literature, songs, religion, ideology, symbols, land, or monuments. Cultural nationalists emphasize heritage or culture, rather than race or ethnicity or institutions of statehood.

What is difference between nationalism and patriotism?

While nationalism emphasizes a unity of cultural past with inclusion of the language and heritage, patriotism is based on love towards people with a greater emphasis on values and beliefs.

Is Dr Jose Rizal a nationalist or a patriot?

José Rizal, in full José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda, (born June 19, 1861, Calamba, Philippines—died December 30, 1896, Manila), patriot, physician, and man of letters who was an inspiration to the Philippine nationalist movement.

What is the difference between nationalism and imperialism?

A nationalist strives for the domination of a nation and expresses his love for the country in an aggressive way. An imperialist though creates unequal economic relationship between states yet he maintains the unequal relationships based on domination. This is a subtle difference between the two terms.

What is the difference between nation and nationalism?

At the heart of nationalism lies the belief that humanity is (or ought to be) divided into nations, and that nations are (or ought to be) the basis of independent sovereign states. The basic problem of nationalism is the difficulty (if not impossibility) in making political facts correspond to the national ideal.

What is nationalism by Benedict Anderson?

Nationalism is universal in that every individual belongs to a nation, yet each nation is supposedly completely distinct from every other nation; Nationalism is an idea so influential that people will die for their nations, yet at the same time an idea difficult to define.

What is Primordialist theory?

Primordialism is the idea that nations or ethnic identities are fixed, natural and ancient. Primordialists argue that individuals have a single ethnic identity which is not subject to change and which is exogenous to historical processes.

How does Ernest Renan define nation?

Ernest Renan defines a nation as an entity based on acts of the free will of individuals forming a collective identity: “A nation is a soul, a spiritual principle. Two things, which in truth are but one, constitute this soul or spiritual principle. One lies in the past, one in the present.

What did Ernest Renan argue was essential to nationalism?

Ernest Renan’s central argument is that a nation is a conglomerate of people who share a common past and have derived a strong bond with an agreement to stay together and be governed by mutual consent in the future.

What is a Nation Ernest Renan quotes?

A nation has a soul, a spiritual principle. One is in the past, the other in the present. One is the possession of a rich legacy of memories; the other is the desire to live together and to value the common heritage.