What is accountable philosophy?
Accountability is the readiness or preparedness to give an explanation or justification to stakeholders for one’s judgments, intentions and actions.
What do philosophers say about responsibility?
Almost all modern philosophers approach responsibility as compatibilists – that is, they assume that moral responsibility must be compatible with causal or naturalistic explanation of human thought and action, and therefore reject the metaphysical idea of free will.
What discipline in philosophy that investigates the right and wrong in man’s behavior?
Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that “involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior”. The field of ethics, along with aesthetics, concerns matters of value; these fields comprise the branch of philosophy called axiology.
Are we responsible for our actions philosophy?
Compatibilism has an ancient history, and many philosophers have endorsed it in one form or another. In Book III of the Nichomachean Ethics, Aristotle (384–322 bce) wrote that humans are responsible for the actions they freely choose to do—i.e., for their voluntary actions.
What is moral accountability in philosophy?
Define moral accountability- e.g It is the readiness or preparedness to give an explanation or justification to relevant others (stakeholders) for one’s judgments, intentions, acts and omissions when appropriately called upon to do so.
Is utilitarianism a philosophy?
Utilitarianism is a tradition of ethical philosophy that is associated with Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill, two late 18th- and 19th-century British philosophers, economists, and political thinkers.
What are the 4 ethical philosophies?
Four broad categories of ethical theory include deontology, utilitarianism, rights, and virtues.
What are the 3 philosophical theories?
THREE MAJOR AREAS OF PHILOSOPHY. Theory of Reality : Ontology & Metaphysics. Theory of Knowledge: Epistemology–from episteme and logos. Theory of Value: Axiology–from the Greek axios (worth, value) and logos.
What is right and wrong philosophy?
Moral philosophy is the branch of philosophy that contemplates what is right and wrong. It explores the nature of morality and examines how people should live their lives in relation to others.
What are the 3 bases of moral accountability?
Freedom, Responsibility, and Determinism.
How does Aristotle define moral responsibility?
According to Aristotle, moral responsibility is the notion that “it is sometimes appropriate to respond to an agent with praise or blame on the basis of her actions and/or dispositional traits of character” (Eshleman).
What is Clifford’s principle?
Clifford’s principle says that it is wrong to believe upon insufficient evidence. (C) merely says that it is not wrong to believe in a case in which one’s evidence is insufficient.
What is the meaning of Kantianism?
Kantianism is defined as a branch of philosophy that follows the works of Immanuel Kant who believed that rational beings have dignity and should be respected. A philosophy of rational morality including God and freedom, based on the works of Kant, is an example of Kantianism.
What is the difference between Kantianism and utilitarianism?
The main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological moral theory whereas utilitarianism is a teleological moral theory. Both Kantianism and utilitarianism are ethical theories that express the ethical standard of an action.
What is pragmatism as a philosophical movement?
Pragmatism is a philosophical movement that includes those who claim that an ideology or proposition is true if it works satisfactorily, that the meaning of a proposition is to be found in the practical consequences of accepting it, and that unpractical ideas are to be rejected.
What is fatalism philosophy?
Though the word “fatalism” is commonly used to refer to an attitude of resignation in the face of some future event or events which are thought to be inevitable, philosophers usually use the word to refer to the view that we are powerless to do anything other than what we actually do.
What is an essentialism in philosophy?
Essentialism is an approach assuming that people and things have natural and essential common characteristics which are inherent, innate and unchanging. Thus, it is regarded as an educational philosophy.
What is the theory of Immanuel Kant?
Kant’s ethics are organized around the notion of a “categorical imperative,” which is a universal ethical principle stating that one should always respect the humanity in others, and that one should only act in accordance with rules that could hold for everyone.
What was Jeremy Bentham’s theory?
Jeremy Bentham was a philosopher, economist, jurist, and legal reformer and the founder of modern utilitarianism, an ethical theory holding that actions are morally right if they tend to promote happiness or pleasure (and morally wrong if they tend to promote unhappiness or pain) among all those affected by them.
What is John Stuart Mill’s theory?
John Stuart Mill believed in the philosophy of utilitarianism, which he would describe as the principle that holds “that actions are right in the proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness”.