What is Derek Parfit’s view on personal identity?
ABSTRACT: In Reasons and Persons, Derek Parfit argues for a Reductionist View of personal identity. According to a Reductionist, persons are nothing over and above the existence of certain mental and/or physical states and their various relations.
What are the theories of personal identity?
Personal identity theory is the philosophical confrontation with the ultimate questions of our own existence, such as who are we, and is there a life after death? This sort of analysis of personal identity provides a set of necessary and sufficient conditions for the identity of the person over time.
What is psychological continuity according to Parfit?
Psychological continuity requires overlapping chains of direct psychological relations. It is a transitive relation. Parfit’s weaker claim: what matters in survival can come in degrees. Parfit’s stronger claim: continuity may matter somewhat; but, connectedness is perhaps a more important element in survival.
What does a psychological continuity theorist take to be important for personal identity?
Psychological Criteria of personal identity hold that psychological continuity relations, that is, overlapping chains of direct psychological connections, as those causal and cognitive connections between beliefs, desires, intentions, experiential memories, character traits and so forth, constitute personal identity (
What is the point of Parfit’s Replicator thought experiment?
Using thought experiments such as these, Parfit argues that any criteria we attempt to use to determine sameness of person will be lacking, because there is no further fact. What matters, to Parfit, is simply “Relation R”, psychological connectedness, including memory, personality, and so on.
What was Parfit’s initial conclusion to the non identity problem?
In Derek Parfit’s original formulation the Repugnant Conclusion is stated as follows: “For any possible population of at least ten billion people, all with a very high quality of life, there must be some much larger imaginable population whose existence, if other things are equal, would be better even though its
What is Parfit’s theory of survival?
4. Parfit on survival: Survival presupposes personal identity. But what matters in survival does not. Psychological conti- nuity, even when unaccompanied by identity, contains all that matters to us about our own survival.
How is Parfit’s double transplant case supposed to show that personal identity is not what matters in survival?
According to Parfit in “Personal Identity,” in split-brain double transplant cases, if both bodies receiving parts of the brain survive, then it can’t be the case that both resulting people are numerically identical to the brain donor, since numeric identity is transitive.
When Parfit imagines his head transplanted onto his twin’s body does he think that he would still be the same person after this operation?
When Parfit imagines his head transplanted onto his twin’s body, does he think that he would still be the same person after this operation? Parfit thinks the question is unimportant.
What is a thought experiment example?
Examples of thought experiments include Schrödinger’s cat, illustrating quantum indeterminacy through the manipulation of a perfectly sealed environment and a tiny bit of radioactive substance, and Maxwell’s demon, which attempts to demonstrate the ability of a hypothetical finite being to violate the 2nd law of
What is personal identity examples?
Personal identity is about how you see yourself as “different” from those around you. Hobbies, education, interests, personality traits, and so on. Favorite foods, the roles you hold—“I’m the oldest in my family.” These are the things that make you unique from other people.
Is teleportation possible?
While human teleportation currently exists only in science fiction, teleportation is possible now in the subatomic world of quantum mechanics — albeit not in the way typically depicted on TV. In the quantum world, teleportation involves the transportation of information, rather than the transportation of matter.
What are the three incompatible moral intuitions that make up the non identity problem?
More precisely, the nonidentity problem is the inability to simultaneously hold the following beliefs: (1) a person-affecting view; (2) bringing someone into existence whose life is worth living, albeit flawed, is not “bad for” that person; (3) some acts of bringing someone into existence are wrong even if they are not
Why our identity is not what matters Parfit summary?
Abstract. Derek Parfit famously argued that personal identity is not what matters for prudential concern about the future. Instead, he argues what matters is Relation R, a combination of psychological connectedness and continuity with any cause.
What is identity theory in philosophy of mind?
Mind-brain identity theory is a philosophy that purports the mind and brain are the same. In other words, the state of mind is the same as brain processes; that mental state is the same as the physical state of the brain.
What is the mind brain identity theory quizlet?
something more than just the mind is the brain; So, each and every state of mind, is to be identified with, or is the very same thing as a state of the CNS. each and every state of mind, is to be identified with, or is the very same thing as a state of the CNS.
What is the identity theory quizlet?
Identity Theory. The mind is not a separate substance- the mind is identical to the brain. The thesis that the mind and brain are ontologically one; mental states and events are just the workings of the brain and nervous system ; mental events are nothing other than certain bodily events.
What is identity development theory?
Identity development begins when individuals identify with role models who provide them with options to explore for whom they can become. As identity development progresses, adolescents are expected to make choices and commit to options within the confines of their social contexts.
What are the 4 stages of identity development?
These are: identity diffusion, identity foreclosure, moratorium and identity achievement. Each identity status represents a particular configuration of youth’s progress with regard to identity exploration and commitment to the values, beliefs, and goals that contribute to identity.
What are the 4 types of identity?
The four identity statuses
- Identity diffusion.
- Identity achievement.